Security Camera Image Sensor Technology STARVIS™ / STARVIS 2
Technology
Image Sensors for Security Cameras

Security Camera
Image Sensor Technology
STARVIS™ / STARVIS 2

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Overview

STARVIS Technology STARVIS STARVIS2

STARVIS technology is characterized by ultra-high sensitivity, pushing the boundary of mechanical recognition to enrich society and bring safety, security, and convenience to people.
With sensitivity superior to that of the human eye, it enables object shape and color recognition even in dark locations and obtains the required information with accuracy, contributing to greater safety and security in society.

STARVIS 2, evolved from STARVIS, is the latest technology with wider dynamic range.

Technical Features

Super-high sensitivity beyond the human eye

Image sensors capture light and convert it to electrical signals in order to create images and other data. It is a significant advantage for image sensors to capture images accurately in dark locations. To achieve this, it is crucial to sense the faintest light in darkness and convert this to electrical signals efficiently without allowing noise contamination.

STARVIS technology is designed to capture the faintest light in a dark place, such as a small alleyway without street lights, convert this light into noise-less electrical signals, and deliver an image of the target object through the realistic rendition of its shapes and colors.

Advantages of the back-illuminated structure
reference image Zoom Zoom

Illustration of front- and back-illuminated structures in cross section

Advantages of the back-illuminated structure

Illustration of front- and back-illuminated structures in cross section

Conventional front-illuminated image sensor

Back-illuminated image sensor with STARVIS technology

Technology that achieves low noise

Image sensors capture light with photodiodes, convert it into electrical signals, and then output an image as digital values. A dark image can be brightened by amplifying the signals (setting a higher gain level). However, higher gain levels cause noise in the electrical signals to be equally amplified, resulting in a grainy image.

Sony’s Super High Conversion Gain technology is designed to amplify electrical signals immediately after the conversion from photons, when the noise levels are relatively low. In this way, it reduces the overall noise after amplification. As a result, lower-noise images, compared to conventional technology, can be captured even in a low-illuminance environment. Lower noise levels in images also help to enhance the accuracy in visual or AI-assisted image recognition.

Conventional Conventional

Conventional
Front-illuminated image sensor

Sensor with STARVIS technology Sensor with STARVIS technology

Sensor with STARVIS technology
Back-illuminated image sensor

Capturing light ranges invisible to the human eye

The image sensors used in standard cameras, such as smartphone cameras and mirrorless cameras, are designed to reproduce images as we see them in the light (visible light). Some image sensors for special applications, such as security cameras, are designed to work in the near-infrared (NIR) region, where is not visible to human eye.

NIR lighting is used to capture images where visible light might disturb people or cause an accident, for example at nighttime in residential areas and on multilane highways.

STARVIS enables image sensors to deliver clear images in a near-infrared light environment. If the image sensor’s NIR sensitivity is sufficiently high, NIR lighting can be lowered, helping to reduce heat generation and power consumption.

従来型表面照射型のイメージセンサーによる画像

Image sensor not compatible with NIR light

STARVIS技術搭載裏面照射型のイメージセンサーによる画像

Image sensor with STARVIS 2 technology

Improved sensitivity in near-infrared (NIR) region

Near-infrared light is longer than visible light in wavelength. In an Si (silicon) photodiode, short-wavelength light, such as blue light, is absorbed in the region closer to the surface of the photodiode while longer-wavelength light, such as green and red light, is absorbed in deeper regions. The absorption of near-infrared light is enhanced by increasing the depth of the photodiode.

Absorbed light wavelengths relative to the depth of a photodiode

Absorbed light wavelengths relative to the depth of a photodiode

STARVIS 2 also adopts photodiodes with uneven surfaces, which enhance NIR light absorption by refracting incident light. These structural features have led to significant improvement in NIR sensitivity.

Feature to eliminate blowouts

Image sensors can adjust the length of time to take in light (exposure time) to output images, optimized according to the brightness of the scene. A short exposure time in a bright environment avoids oversaturation of the photodiode and a long exposure time in a dark environment ensures the collection of a sufficient amount of light.

In contexts where both extremely bright and dark areas are in view, such as a strong light source next to a tunnel exit, these areas of the image may be over- or under-exposed and details could be lost. When we can see details in both bright and dark areas of an image, it is said to have a high dynamic range, and the attribute for realizing this is called a high dynamic range (HDR) feature.

Without HDR

With HDR

DOL HDR

When the digital-overlap (DOL) HDR feature is on, the image sensor captures two images in succession:one with a short exposure according to the bright region and the other with a long exposure adjusted to the dark region. HDR is realized by synthesizing these two images to complement one another.

However, this method involves a slight time lapse between the two shots and this can cause some artifacts, such as a blurred outline and chromatic aberration, if the target is in fast motion.

Clear HDR

When the Clear HDR feature is on, the image sensor captures two images simultaneously, one with a low gain level set to the bright region and the other with a high gain level adjusted to the dark region*2. The images are then synthesized.

This method has the advantage of delivering images of a moving target without chromatic aberration and other artifacts because the two images are captured at the same time.
The Clear HDR feature is suitable not only for security cameras but also for applications to capture moving targets, such as traffic monitoring systems and dashboard cameras.

*2) The output image data must be post-processed in the camera in order to obtain the final image. IMX585 can synthesize data internally with Clear HDR mode.

Without HDR

With DOL HDR

With Clear HDR

Evolving STARVIS technology

Poor visibility is an obstacle to ensuring security in everyday life. STARVIS has been pushing the technical boundaries and surpassing human sensitivity of human visual perception. The technology continues its evolution to expand its capacity to capture images in the infrared region, high-contrast settings and other situations that are beyond discernible by the human eye.

Evolving structure and improving performance

The change from a front-illuminated to back-illuminated structure has enabled super-high sensitivity, from which came STARVIS technology. (See Technology that delivers high sensitivity) The sensitivity and HDR feature have been improved further by increasing the amount of light to be captured, enabled by increasing the depth of a photodiode and modifying the structures and materials of the walls between photodiodes. These are not the only improvements made. The on-chip lens has improved light concentration and transmittance, the color filter has higher transmittance, the photoelectric conversion efficiency has improved, and much more. As we explore, research, and develop optimal materials and continue the pursuit of nanometer-level precision in manufacturing processes, our technology progresses on its path of evolution.

reference image Zoom Zoom

Both STARVIS and STARVIS 2 are back-illuminated pixel technology specifically developed for image sensors for security camera applications. They feature a minimum sensitivity of 2,000 mV/μm2 (color product, when imaging with a light source of 706 cd/m2, F5.6 in 1s accumulation equivalent) and deliver high image quality in the visible light as well as near infrared light regions. STARVIS 2 further offers the wide dynamic range (AD 12bit) of more than 8 dB in a single exposure, wider than the STARVIS pixel of the same size.

STARVIS, STARVIS 2 and the logos are registered trademarks or trademarks of Sony Group Corporation or its affiliates.

Applications

Facility surveillance

Security cameras are widely used for security surveillance at premises of commercial and financial institutions as well as airports. In crowded areas, security cameras need features such as high resolution and wide angle of view, while for security measures in buildings after the lights are out, the high imaging performance in dark locations is essential.
Sony's high range of image sensors for security applications cater to a variety of needs such as these.

Related sectors

Safety Monitoring

Facility surveillance

Street monitoring

Security cameras are also widely in use to ensure safety on the streets in urban areas.
As the outdoor environment is more exposed to illuminance fluctuations than indoor environments, the camera needs high imaging performance. Sony’s image sensors support day-to-day security through their superior imaging performance that supersedes the sensitivity of the human eye, facilitating nighttime shooting, to which low-noise and high-sensitivity performance is crucial, and reducing over/under-exposed regions in the image shot under complex lighting arrangements involving bright and dark areas.

Related sectors

Safety Monitoring

Street monitoring

Traffic monitoring

For road safety, security cameras are used not only for monitoring traffic volumes, but also for identifying traffic congestions, detecting traffic accidents, vehicles driving in the wrong direction, and identifying vehicle registrations. Because these cameras are likely to be installed outdoor, where the conditions such as illuminance are demanding, Sony’s image sensors can deliver great performance with their excellent low-illuminance performance and wide dynamic range.

Related sectors

Traffic and Transportation (ITS)

Traffic monitoring

Dashboard cameras

Demand for dashboard cameras is growing rapidly. They are used to record the peripheral views of the vehicle in an event of a road incident and, more recently, take visual evidence of a tailgating car or ward off such a driver. Sony’s image sensors with their high sensitivity and low noise technology, as well as wide dynamic range technology, will ensure that images are captured regardless of daytime or nighttime.

Related sectors

Dashcam

Dashboard cameras

Home security systems

Image sensors are also used to enhance security and safety at home. They can be used for a variety of purposes, including for guarding the house during a long period of absence and keeping an eye on elderly or young members of the family at home. Our image sensors can capture the target in clear images under various outdoor conditions.

Related sectors

Safety Monitoring

Home security systems

Related Products & Solutions

Related Links

Provision of STARVIS/ STARVIS 2 logo data

STARVIS STARVIS2

Customers may use the "STARVIS/ STARVIS 2" logo with Sony's approval in the following circumstances only. Before provision of the logo data, a logo usage agreement will be concluded with the customer. Please contact a sales office in your area for details.

Products: customers' products incorporating Sony's CMOS image sensors equipped with STARVIS/ STARVIS 2 technology. Materials/Media: product packaging, catalogs, posters, informational websites and other promotional materials, as well as fixtures at exhibitions (panels, etc.) relating to the above mentioned products

Note:
The logo may not be used on the body of a product or in a system (including in application interfaces, etc.).
Sony will conduct a preliminary review before concluding the logo usage agreement. Notification of the results will not be publicized.
Please be aware that Sony cannot comply with customers' requests in all cases.
Sony accepts no responsibility in any matters resulting from use of the logo.

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