As manufacturers in various industries continue to seek higher productivity, there is growing interest in sensing both in the visible light spectrum and beyond it, at Short Wavelength Infra-Red (SWIR) wavelengths.
In IMX990 and IMX991, SenSWIR™ technology has enabled Sony to overcome challenges in pixel miniaturization to offer sensors that are compact, high-resolution, and capable of imaging from the visible light spectrum to SWIR wavelengths. IMX990 and IMX991 are global shutter sensors with a digital output allowing for many features and functionality in industrial camera applications such as ROI and Trigger Mode.
The advances in performance and functionality introduced by the IMX990 and IMX991 pave the way for the development of SWIR industrial cameras and inspection equipment for a diverse range of applications such as inspection, identification, and measurement.
Higher resolution and smaller systems from the industry's smallest pixels*1, at 5 μm
Advantages of the sensors promise to expand SWIR sensing applications. The sensors' higher resolution offers higher inspection precision, and smaller cameras afford greater freedom in installation.
*1) Among SWIR sensors employing a compound indium gallium arsenide (InGaAs) semiconductor, according to Sony' s research (as of May 2020).
Broad imaging (0.4–1.7 μm) from a single sensor that extends to the visible spectrum
Inspection that once required multiple cameras to cover visible and SWIR wavelengths can now be performed with a single unit. Such broad coverage expands both the type of objects that can be inspected and the type of inspection available. System costs can be reduced, and faster image processing can increase throughput.
Enhanced capabilities from digital output
Unlike the analog output that most SWIR sensors are limited to, the sensors achieved the same functionality as the current industrial CMOS image sensors by supporting digital output. Analog sensors require developers to implement an ADC or other functionality for industrial equipment on the camera. In contrast, the new sensors already include this functionality, which saves time and effort in camera development and makes it easier to develop versatile cameras.
|Model name||Image size||Effective pixels|
|IMX990||8.2 mm diagonal
|Approx. 1.34 megapixels|
|IMX991||4.1 mm diagonal
|Approx. 0.34 megapixels|
|Image size||8.2 mm diagonal (1/2-inch type)||4.1 mm diagonal (1/4-inch type)|
|Effective pixels||1296（H）× 1032（V）
Approx. 1.34 megapixels
Approx. 0.34 megapixels
|Unit cell size||5μm（H）× 5μｍ（V）|
|Optical black||Horizontal direction||front 0 pixels, rear 96 pixels|
|Vertical direction||front 12 pixels, rear 0 pixels|
|Input drive frequency||37.125MHz/74.25MHz/54MHz|
|Shutter mode||Global shutter|
|Package||Thermoelectric cooling element||Included||-||Included||-|
|Dimensions||30.0mm（H）× 30.0mm（V）||20.0mm（H）× 16.8mm（V）||30.0mm（H）× 30.0mm（V）||20.0mm（H）× 16.8mm（V）|
*1) Measurement conditions: Tj=15°C, all-pixel readout mode
*2) F8 1/30 sec. accumulation
*4) Operability: percentage of pixels free of defects
Basic drive mode
|Model name||Drive mode||Recommended
|ADC [bit]||Frame rate (max.) [frame/s]|
|IMX990||All-pixel readout||1280（H）× 1024（V）
approx. 1.31 megapixels
|IMX991||All-pixel readout||640（H）× 512（V）
approx. 0.33 megapixels
SWIR image sensors overview
2-page summary of Sony's SWIR image sensors
Image Sensors with SenSWIR Technology
Introducing the details of the technology used in this SWIR image sensors
Find out more about the SenSWIR™ technology.
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